Crooked teeth or teeth that are not aligned with each other, not just spoils a person’s appearance, but are also difficult and time consuming to clean.
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with proper alignment of such teeth, and jaws, which are improperly positioned either naturally or due to injury. Benefits include a set of teeth that are not just aesthetically pleasing but are also healthy. The dental setting treatment takes about 6 months to 2 years but the effect usually lasts a lifetime.
There are many appliances, mainly braces used to perform this alignment procedure.
Braces consist of bands, wires and brackets. Bands are fixed around the tooth / teeth, and used as anchors. Brackets are most often bonded to the front of the tooth. Arch wires are passed through these brackets and attached to the bands. Tightening this arch wire puts tension on the teeth, gradually moving them to their proper position.
Braces have to be adjusted monthly to bring about the desired results. The end result can take a few months to even a few years, in some cases. Braces were most commonly available in metal form. Today, braces come in different materials, sizes and colours. They come in clear styles too. They are also smaller, lighter and show far less metal.
Fixed braces: A non-removable brace made up of brackets that are glued to each tooth and linked with wires.
Removable braces: These are usually plastic plates that cover the roof of the mouth and clip on to some teeth. These can only carry out very limited tooth movements.
Functional appliances: A pair of removable plastic braces that are joined together or designed to interact together, and fit on to the upper and lower teeth.
Headgear: This is not an orthodontic appliance itself, but can be used with other appliances and is usually worn at night.
Invisible Braces: These are the newest in orthodontic appliances and the most recommended. With these, you need not be self-conscious like some with braces would be. Your treatment is concealed from the world.
The teeth straightening / correction process and duration varies from person to person. To start with, X-Rays, images and impressions are collected from the individual, and a treatment plan is tailored accordingly. The individual is then given custom crystal clear aligners that they need to change every two weeks. Over time, the teeth gently and gradually will shift into place, resulting into a beautiful, million-dollar smile.