Implantology is a newly coined term that is referred to the study and placing of dental implants. It is a term often used when talking about prosthodontics. While prosthodontists deal with veneers, crowns, fixed bridges, dental implants and dentures, an implantologist is considered to be someone who has specialised in dental implants. Implantology includes both surgical and prosthetic components. Any licensed dentist with adequate training in implant dentistry can be called an implantologist. While there are a number of options present for restoring missing teeth, the most durable and functionally effective are implants.
A pedodontist is someone who specialises in the dental care of children. Pedodontists are also known as pediatric dentists and are responsible for providing preventive as well as curative treatment plans tailored for your child, in the friendliest environment possible. A visit to a pedodontist can help you determine any possible long-term dental problems that your child may face. The pedodontist, upon investigation, will also advise a dental care regimen accordingly. Children are often prone to developing cavities and whether the teeth appear healthy or not, atleast one visit to the pedodontist every six to eight months is highly recommended.
An orthodontist is someone who specialises in realignment and straightening of crooked teeth by steel, ceramic and invisible braces. Orthodontists also help you with prevention and diagnosis of incorrectly positioned teeth and jaws.
There are some procedures to determine whether you need orthodontic treatment. After going through your medical and dental history and a clinical examination, plaster models of your teeth may be examined. Photographs and X-rays also help in deciding whether you require orthodontics.
Endodontics is that branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the dental pulp. This pulp is the soft inner tissue of the teeth. If this pulp becomes diseased, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth. An endodontist performs a variety of procedures, the most common procedure being the root canal therapy. These days, endodontists also specialise in performing root canal therapy within a single sitting or session.
Periodontists specialise in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases. “Peri” means “around” and “odontal” implies teeth. Periodontal diseases are thus diseases or infections of structures around the teeth. These may include gums, periodontal membranes, cementum that covers the root as well as the alveolar bone. In the earliest stage of periodontal disease, which is also known as gingivitis, only the gums are affected. As the disease progresses, the supporting tissues also get infected. This is called as periodontitis and advanced periodontitis depending on severity of the disease.
A periodontist thus comes to the rescue when it comes to curing bleeding gums, bad breath and pyorrhoea or periodontal disease. Infection of the gums should not be ignored as it has an impact on overall health.
Oral surgeons, also known as maxillofacial surgeons specialise in tooth extractions e.g. extraction of wisdom teeth and surgical tooth root pieces from within the jaw bone. They are well trained along with other medical students in the areas of emergency medicine, general surgery and anaesthesiology. They are authorised to administer all levels of sedation, right up to general anaesthesia. While a dentist can also perform some tooth extractions, it requires an oral surgeon to perform complex extractions and to administer deeper levels of sedation. These days, one need not fear surgery or surgeons, as all forms of dental treatment can be performed under conscious sedation or sleepy state. One does not have to be admitted to the hospital for this type of sedation.
Prosthesis means “addition” or “attachment”, “odont” refers to “tooth”. A prosthodontist, thus, is someone who specialises in procedures related to replacement of natural teeth, in part or whole. They are sometimes called “smile architects” as they deeply understand what goes into a beautiful smile, not just with respect to teeth but also with respect to gums, lips and other facial features. They are the ones you go to when you either need a smile makeover or just need to restore your natural smile / teeth after an accident. also specialise in making dentures for patients with flat bone / low bone ridge condition.